Matt Camilli's Blog It's something

Locking down your ssh

Written on December 03, 2010

So SSH is great, I use it just about everyday. I ssh into my linode as root like a baus and use password authentication because no one is gonna guess my password which is my last name twice, right?

Okay that isn't what I do but it is so embarassingly close to what I used to do. Then after I read a blog post about someone else's box getting hacked because their SSH wasn't secure, I quickly changed my tune. I can't risk having my linode hacked, WHAT WOULD HAPPEN TO MY MINECRAFT SERVER?!

So how do you go about doing just that? Well for starters you are going to want to use key authentication because it is essentially better in every respect.

If you don't have an ssh key on your computer, go here and do that. (Thanks github for the step by step)

Then you will want to add that key toyour servers authorized key file by doing this

mkdir ~/.ssh
echo "yourpublickey" > ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

Next you will want to put these settings in your ssh config file :

PermitRootLogin no
PermitEmptyPasswords no
PasswordAuthentication no
AllowUsers youruser

And then restart the ssh server

sudo service ssh restart

Voila! Your server just became significantly harder to break into.

Tags: devops ssh
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